Exotic information database
One of the more common conditions we deal with are ear infections. Theses infections can be in one or both ears. The signs vary.
They may include:
There are many causes of ear infection:
Normally when we are presented with a dog with an ear infection, the first thing we do is look into the ear canal with a special instrument called an otoscope. With this we can see the severity of the condition, check if the ear drum is intact and check for any foreign bodies. If the ear drum is ruptured we have to be very careful how we treat the ear, as some medications can cause major problems if they get in contact with the inner workings of the ear.
Next we will usually take a swab of the ears, stain them and take a look under the microscope. This is a very useful procedure, as we can categorise the nature of the infection into fungal, rod type bacteria and cocci (round) bacteria.
Depending on the type of infection found, we will then tailor the treatment to suit the bug. Usually this is with one of our armoury of ear drops.
If there is severe inflammation, we may use cortisone to suppress the inflammation and make the dog more comfortable.
We will usually get the animal back in about a week to check the progress of the treatment. In some cases it can take several weeks to control the infection, and sometimes we will have to change the type of medication we are using, as the nature of the infection can change.
For extremely bad infections we may have to anaesthetize the dog and flush the ears. In very severe cases, we have got some surgical options as well.
If the infection continues to recur, we have to find out why. Often it is triggered by an allergy. In this case, we will usually refer the dog to Duncan Graham, for him to perform his magic on.
Conjunctivitis refers to the inflamation of the eye. Remember your pet only has two. We suggest all eye conditions are examined.
There are many conditions that cause inflamed eyes. These vary from a simple bacterial infection to foreign bodies (e.g. barley grass) in the eye to cancer to corneal ulcers--the list goes on. Each condition has a different treatment although they often present looking the same. This is why we always insist on seeing sore eyes rather than just dispensing “some ointment”.
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